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US History Ch.9 & 10 US History 108 Ch. 9 & 10

Term Definition
The Putting-Out System It's when merchants hired farm families to perform specific tasks in the production process for a set wage. (Samuel Slater)
Consumerism The manufacturing process made consumer goods widely available for the first time. Therefore poor could now afford the necessities and some small luxuries of life.
The Lowell System Francis Lowell's factory where cheap, course, cloth was made. It was the first to hire teenage girls. The girls also got an education there.
Labor Theory of Value States, the value of a product should accurately reflect the labor needed to produce it.
Land Offices They handled sales of the land people bought in the Northwest Territory and establish them within easy reach of prospective landowners.
Machine Tools Devices that cut and shaped metal to make standardized, interchangeable parts for other mechanical devices like clocks and guns. (Eli Whitney)
The Cumberland Road A national highway that provided thousands with a route from Maryland to Illinois.
The Erie Canal The second longest canal in the world in 1825. It connected Albany, NY to Buffalo on Lake Erie and was 363 miles long.
The Mohawk and Hudson Railroad Was the first to begin service with a steam locomotive. It could cover 12 miles in 25 minutes.
The Louisville and Portland Canal The falls of Ohio were the only barrier between Pittsburgh and New Orleans, so goods had to be ported around it. The canal was the first major river in the U.S. It was privately funded so it had a toll. Was the reason for Louisville's growth.
The Cotton Gin Upland cotton seeds were hard to separate, it took 18 hours to process one pound of cotton by hand. It makes upland cotton more profitable and lead to the revival of slavery. (Eli Whitney)
The American System It had three parts; high tariffs, a national bank, and federally funded improvements if canals and roads.
Democratic Reforms A new type of deference formed, to the will of the majority and not to a ruling class. This presence of this became most evident in the belief that all white men, regardless of property owned, had the right to vote.
Corrupt Bargain The election of 1824. Jackson won both electoral and popular votes but he didn't have enough electoral votes. It was taken to the house and many suspect that Adams bribed Clay and thats why he won.
John Quincy Adams Won the election of 1824. He endorsed creation of federally funded roads and canals (Congress opposed) . He wished to promote manufacturing, so he proposed a high tariff on imported goods.
Andrew Jackson Won the election of 1828. He was a war hero (The War of 1812). He didn't like Indians (created the Indian Removal Act). The Nullification Crisis and Bank War happened during his Presidency.
The Nullification Crisis This happened when southern slaveholders wanted to void the Tariff of 1828 and claimed it was their right to override federal law. It showed how the minority was taking a stand against the will of a democratic majority and a divide between north and south
The Bank Wars The Second Bank of America expired and Jackson had nothing to replace it with. He ended up creating local banks, used the spoils system. Led to the economy crashing, which led to the Panic of 1837.
Whigs They championed an active federal government committed to internal improvements, including a national bank. (Against Jackson)
The Indian Removal Act Lead to the Trail of Tears.
The Tyranny of the Majority It overpowers the will of minorities and individuals (especially Indians and Blacks) and was unleashed by democracy in the United States.
The Second Party System A system whereby the older Federalist and Democratic-Republican Parties had been replaced by the new Democratic and Whig Parties.
John C. Calhoun The Vice-President of Jackson. He didn't agree with Jackson and Jackson threatened to kill him. First VP to resign , later became a senator.