Menu Close

Foundations ch 7

Term Definition
accreditation process by which an educational program is evaluated and then recognized as having met certain predetermined standards of education
assault threat or an attempt to make bodily contact with another person without that person’s permission
battery assault that is carried out
certifcation process by which a person who has met certain criteria established by a nongovernmental association is granted recognition
common law law resulting from court decisions that is then fol-lowed when other cases involving similar circumstances and facts arise; common law is as binding as civil law
credentialing general term that refers to ways in which professional competence is maintained
crime offense against people or property; the act is considered to be against the government, referred to in a lawsuit as “the people,” and the accused is prosecuted by the state
defamation of character an intentional tort in which one party makes derogatory remarks about another that diminishes the other party’s reputation; slander is oral defamation of character; libel is written defamation of character
defendant the one being accused of a crime or tort
expert witness nurse who explains to the judge and jury what happened based on the patient’s record and who offers an opin-ion as to whether the nursing care met acceptable standards of practice
fact witness nurse who has knowledge of the actual incident prompting a legal case; bases testimony on firsthand knowledge of the incident, not on assumptions
felony (1) crime punishable by imprisonment in a state or federal penitentiary for more than 1 year; (2) crime of greater offense than a misdemeanor
fraud willful and purposeful misrepresentation that could cause, or has caused, loss or harm to people or property
liability legal responsibility for one’s acts (and failure to act); includes responsibility for financial restitution of harms resulting from negligent acts
licensure o be given a license to practice nursing in a state or prov-ince after successfully meeting requirements
litigation process of lawsuit
malpractice act of negligence as applied to a professional person such as a physician, nurse, or dentist
misdemeanor crime of lesser offense than a felony and punishable by fines, imprisonment (usually for less than 1 year), or both
negligence performing an act that a reasonably prudent person under similar circumstances would not do, or failing to perform an act that a reasonably prudent person under similar circumstances would do
plaintiff person or government bringing a lawsuit against another
sentinel event an unexpected occurrence involving death or serious physical or psychological injury, or the risk thereof
statutory law law enacted by a legislative body
tort wrong committed by a person against another person or that person’s property
whistle-blowing term generally used to refer to employees who report their employers’ violation of the law to appropriate law enforcement agencies outside the employers’ facilities