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Foundations ch 6

Term Definition
advocacy protection and support of another's rights
autonomy self determination; being independent and self govorning
beneficence principle of doing good
bioethics ethics that encompasses all those perspectives that seek to understand human nature and behavior, the domain of social science and the natural world
care-based approach approach to bioethics that directs attention to the specific situations of individual patients viewed within the context of their life narrative
code of ethics principles that reflect the primary goals, values and obligations of the profession
deontologic ethical system in which actions are right or wrong independent of the consequences they produce
ethical agency the ability to behave in an ethical way; to do the ethically right thing to do because it is the right thing to do
ethical dilemma situation that arises with attempted adherence to basic ethical principles results in two conflicting courses of action
ethical distress occurrence when the nurse knows the right thing to do but either personnel or institutional factors make it difficult to follow the correct course of action
ethics system dealing with the standards of character and behavior related to right and wrong
feminist ethics type of ethical approach that aims to critique existing patterns of oppression and domination in society, especially as these affect women and the poor
fidelity keeping promises and commitments made to others
justice process that distributes benefits, risks and costs fairly
morals like ethics, concerned with what constitutes right action; more informal and personal than the term ethics
nonmaleficence principle of avoiding evil
nursing ethics a subset of bioethics; formal study of ethical issues that arise in the practice of nursing and of the analysis used by nurses to make ethical judgements
principle-based approach an approach to bioethics that offers specific action guides
utilitarian action guided theory of ethics that states that the rightness or wrongness of an action depends on the consequences of the action
value set of beliefs that are meaningful in life and influences relationships with others
value system organization of values ranked in a continuum of importance
values clarification process by which people come to understand their own values and value system