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CIW Lesson 1

Term Definition
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) A technology that allows greater style definition and formatting control of HTML elements. Formatting can be placed within the HTML or called remotely from an external style sheet.
cloud computing Software, infrastructure and platform services that are hosted by a remote data center and provided to organizations or individuals over the Internet.
Document Type Definition (DTD) A set of rules contained in a simple text file that defines the structure, syntax and vocabulary as it relates to tags and attributes for a corresponding document.
Extensive Markup Language (XML) A markup language that describes document content instead of adding structure or formatting to document content. A simplified version of SGML.
graphical user interface (GUI) A program that provides visual navigation with menus and screen icons, and performs automated functions when users click command buttons.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) The traditional authoring language used to develop Web pages for many applications.
markup language A series of commands used to format, organize and describe information on a Web page.
metalanguage A language used for defining other languages.
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) A protocol that enables operating systems to map file name extensions to corresponding applications. Also used by applications to automatically process files downloaded from the Internet.
on the fly Dynamically created Web page content, as opposed to pre-defined, static content.
Software as a Service (SaaS) Software that is hosted centrally on the Internet and accessed by users with a Web browser.
Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) A metalanguage used to create other languages, including HTML and XHTML.
troll A Web user who publishes negative comments or submits feedback simply to annoy or anger.
trouble ticket A record of a problem related to a service provided by an ISP or cloud service provider. Used to record receipt of a complaint and track resolution of the problem.
user agent Any application, such as a Web browser, mobile phone, smartphone or help engine, that renders HTML for display to users.
wireframing The process of developing an outline for a Web presence.