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CIW Lesson 1

Question Answer
markup languages A series of commands used to format, organize and describe information on a Web page.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) The traditional authoring language used to develop Web pages for many applications.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) A technology that allows greater style definition and formatting control of HTML elements. Formatting can be placed within the HTML or called remotely from an external style sheet.
Cloud computing Software, infrastructure and platform services that are hosted by a remote data center and provided to organizations or individuals over the Internet.

Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) A protocol that enables operating systems to map file name extensions to corresponding applications. Also used by applications to automatically process files downloaded from the Internet.
Graphical user interface (GUI) A program that provides visual navigation with menus and screen icons, and performs automated functions when users click command buttons.
Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) A metalanguage used to create other languages, including HTML and XHTML.
metalanguage A language used for defining other languages.
Document Type Definition (DTD) A set of rules contained in a simple text file that defines the structure, syntax and vocabulary as it relates to tags and attributes for a corresponding document.
hyperlinks Embedded instructions within a text file that link it to another point in the file or to a separate file.
Extensible Markup Language (XML) A markup language that describes document content instead of adding structure or formatting to document content. A simplified version of SGML.
clients An individual computer connected to a network. Also, a system or application (such as a Web browser or user agent) that requests a service from another computer (the server) and is used to access files or documents.
offline storage The ability for Web browsers and online services to download and access content and services without being connected to the Internet.
geolocation An HTML5 Application Programming Interface that allows developers to retrieve the geographical location information for a client-side device.
HTML5 Markup language used for structuring and presenting Web page content.
CSS (Cascading Style Sheet) Style sheet language that provides the formatting and "look" of a Web page or document written in a markup language.
JavaScript Scripting language that provides dynamic, interactive capabilities to Web pages.
user agent Any application, such as a Web browser, mobile phone, smartphone or help engine, that renders HTML for display to users.
ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) Mandates that electronic information can be accessible to disabled people
WCAG (Web Content Accessibility Guidelines) Developed by the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) to provide a universal set of standards promoting accessibility.
Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act Ensures that disabled individuals have a comparable level of access to information
metalanguage metalanguage
on the fly Dynamically created Web page content, as opposed to pre-defined, static content.
Software as a Service (SaaS) Software that is hosted centrally on the Internet and accessed by users with a Web browser.
troll A Web user who publishes negative comments or submits feedback simply to annoy or anger.
trouble ticket A record of a problem related to a service provided by an ISP or cloud service provider. Used to record receipt of a complaint and track resolution of the problem.
wireframing The process of developing an outline for a Web presence.