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Term Definition
Complaint A formal notice that a lawsuit is being brought
Summons A notice directing someone to appear in court to a complaint or a charge
Discovery Process by which attorneys have an opportunity to check facts and gather evidence
Settlement In a legal case, the amount of money the defendant agrees to pay the planiff
Prosecution Party who starts the legal proceeding against another party for violation of the law
Crime An act that breaks law and causes harm to people or society in general
Penal Code A state's written criminal law
Parole To grant a prisoner an early release from prison, with certain restrictions
Mandatory Sentencing Punishment that judges most impose according to what the law directs
Arraignment A hearing in which a suspect is charged and pleads guilty or non guilty
Testimony The statement a witness makes under oath
Cross-examine To question a witness at a trial or hearing to check or discredit the testimony
Acquittal A vote of not guilty
Hung Jury A jury that cannot agree on a verdict
Juvenile A person who is not legally a adult
Juvenile Delinquent A child or teenager who commits a serious crime or repeatedly breaks the law
Rehabilitate To correct a person's behavior