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Term Definition
complaint a formal notice that a lawsuit is being brought
summons a notice directing someone to appear in court to answer a complaint or a charge
discovery process by which attorneys have opportunity to check facts and gather evidence
settlement in a legal case, the amount of money the defendant agrees to pay the plaintiff
prosecution party who starts the legal proceedings against another party for a violation of the law
crime an act that breaks a law and causes harm to people or society in general
penal code a state's written criminal laws
parole to grant a prisoner an early release from prison, with certain restrictions
mandatory sentencing punishment that judges must impose according to what the law directs
arraignment a hearing in which a suspect is charged and pleads guilty or not guilty
testimony the statement a witness makes under oath
cross-examine to question a witness at a trial or a hearing to check or discredit the testimony
acquittal a vote of not guilty
hung jury a jury that cannot agree on a verdict
juvenile a person not yet legally an adult
juvenile delinquent a child or teenager who commits a serious crime or repeatedly breaks the law
rehabilitate to correct a person's behavior