Science Chapter 5 Lesson 5.1 Observing Chemical Change

Term Definition
physical change A change that alters the form of appearance of a material but does not make the material into another substance.
chemical change A change in which one or more substances combine or break apart to form new substance.
reactant A substance that enter sin to a chemical reaction.
product A substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction.
precipitate A solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction.
exothermic reaction A reaction that releases energy usually in the form of heat.
endothermic reaction A reaction that absorbs energy.

Giver Vocab Ch 7-9

Term Definition
chaos (noun) State of complete confusion and disorder.
compel (verb) to drive, urge or motivate with force; to oblige
infringe (verb) trespass or encroach upon the rights of others.
ironic (adjective) characterized by irony; happening in the opposite way to what is expected.
navigational (adjective) relating to the act or practice of plotting a vehicle’s course.
pervade (verb) to spread throughout; to be present in every part of something.
quizzical (adjective) relating to a questioning, uncertain or puzzled way.
relinquish (verb) to give up or turn over possession/ control; to surrender
remorse (noun) painful, deep feeling of guilt for wrongdoing.
scrupulous (adjective) having or showing a strict regard for what is right.
tentatively (adverb) Not final. Done as a trial or an experiment.
treacherous (adjective) Likely to betray a trust; traitorous
humiliate (verb) to make (someone) feel ashamed and foolish by injuring their dignity and self-respect, especially publicly.
benign (adjective) having or showing a kindly disposition; non-threatening.
meticulous (adjective) showing extreme or excessive concern about every last detail.

Spanish Vocab

Term Definition
Hola Hello
Buenos dias Good Morning
Buenas tardes Good Afternoon
Buenas noches Good Night
?Que tal? How is it going? What's up?
?Como estas tu? How are you?
?Come esta usted? How are you?
Estoy bien I am good
Estoy mal I am bad
Muy bien Very well
Gracias, ?y tu? thanks, and you?
Gracias, ?y usted? thanks, and you?
Mucho gusto Nice to meet you
Adios Goodbye
Hasta luego See you later
Hasta pronto See you soon
Hasta manana See you tomorrow
Senora Mrs.
Senorita Ms.
Senor Mr.
Lo siento Sorry
Por favor Please
Gracias Thank you
Buena suerte Good luck
Perdon Excuse me

force and motion 2

Question Answer
Instantaneous speed the speed of and object and one instant of a time
average speed the amount of distance traveled divided by the total time taken to travel that distance.
mass amount of matter in an object
inertia tendency of an object to resist change in its motion
law of conservation of momentum states that the total momentum of objects that collide with each other is the . same before and after the collision.
center of mass point of an object the moves as if all the objects mass is concentrated on that point.
weight gravitational force between an object and the earth.
force a push or a pull.
net force combination of all forces acting on an object.
displacement distance is how far you have walked displacement is the direction and difference in position between your starting point and ending points.

Stack #2602486

Question Answer
Hola Hello
Buenos Diaz Good morning
Buenas Tardes good afternoon
Buenas Noches good night
Que tal? hows it going?
Como estas tu? how are you (friend
Como esta usted? how are you (repected adult
Estor bien good
Estoy mal bad
Muy bien very well
Gracias, y tu? thanks and you (friend
Gracias, y usted? thanks and you (respected adult
Mucho gusto nice to meet you
adios goodbye
Hasta luego see you later
Hasta pronto see you soon
Hasta manana see you tomorrow
Senora mrs
Senorita ms.
Senor mr
Lo siento sorry
Por favor please
Gracias thank you
Buena suerte good luck
Perdon excuse me
De nada you're welcome

Industrialization Vocabulary

Term Definition
Old Immigration People from Western and Northern Europe
Mainly Protestant
New Immigration People from S and E Europe
30% of major city residents were foreign born
Push and Pull Factors Push: Reasons that make someone wanna leave a certain area
Pull: Reasons that make a person wanna move into an area
Assimilation The process by which a person or persons acquire the social and psychological characteristics of a group
Nativism The policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants
Statue of Liberty A large copper statue of a woman holding a torch aloft in her right hand located on Liberty Island in New York harbor
Ellis Island From 1892 to 1954, it served as the prime immigration station of the country. Some twelve million immigrants passed through it during this time
Tenements A room or a set of rooms forming a separate residence within a house or block of apartments
Settlement Houses An institution in an inner-city area providing educational, recreational, and other social services to the community
Gilded Age Period after Civil War of extensive industrial growth, wealth, and political corruption
Monopoly The complete control of a trade or service
John D. Rockefeller United States industrialist who made a fortune in the oil business
Andrew Carnegie Carnegie, a self-made man, immigrated to the United States from Scotland without money and made millions in the steel industry
Vertical Integration The combination in one company of two or more stages of production normally operated by separate companies
Social Darwinism The theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals
Laissez Faire Abstention by governments from interfering in the workings of the free market
Labor Union An organized association of workers, often in a trade or profession, formed to protect and further their rights and interests
Strike Refusal to work organized by a body of employees as a form of protest, typically in an attempt to gain a concession or concessions from their employer
Homestead Strike Also known as the Homestead Steel Strike, Pinkerton Rebellion, or Homestead Massacre, was an industrial lockout and strike
Capitalism An economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state
Labor Union An organization of workers formed for the purpose of advancing its members' interests in respect to wages, benefits, and working conditions

Stack #2602485

Question Answer
Hola Hello
Buenos dias good morning
Buenas tardes Good afternoon
Buenas noches good night
que tal? How is it going?
Como estas tu? How are you?
Como estas usted? How are you
Estoy bien I am good
Estoy mal I am bad
Muy bien Very well
gracias, ? y tu? Thanks, and you?
gracias, y usted? Thanks and you?
mucho gusto nice to meet you
Adios goodbye
Hasta luego see you later
Hasta pronto see you soon
hata manana see you tomorrow
Senora Mrs.
Senorita Miss.
senor Mr.
Lo siento sorry
por favor please
gracias thank you
Buena suerte good luck
perdon excuse me
De nada your welcome

Industrial Age

Term Definition
Old Immigration Every American is either an immigrant or has ancestors who were immigrants.
New Immigration Settled with people of same nationality.
Push and Pull factors Are those factors which either forcefully push people into migration or attract them.
Assimilation The person by which a person or persons acquire the social and psychological characteristics of a group.
Nativism The theory or doctrine that concepts, mental capacities, and mental structures are innate rather than acquired or learned.
Statue of Liberty The Statue of Liberty is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in New York Harbor in New York City, in the United States.
Ellis Island Ellis Island, in Upper New York Bay, was the gateway for over 12 million immigrants to the United States as the nation's busiest immigrant inspection station for over sixty years from 1892 until 1954.
Tenements A room or a set of rooms forming a separate residence within a house or block of apartments.

Gilded Age Era of serious social problems masked by a thin gold gilding.
Andrew Carnegie and Steel He was very successful in the steel industry was also the richest man in the world.
John D Rockefeller Founded Standard oil
Vertical Integration Your company owns everthing to increase your profit
Labor Union An organization of workers formed for the purpose of advancing its members' interests in respect to wages, benefits, and working conditions.
Homestead Strike Strike at a steel plant.

Los saludos spanish greetings

Question Answer
Hola Hello
Buenos Dias Good morning
Buenas tardes Good afternoon
Buenas noches Good night
Que tal Whats up
como estas tu how are you (friend)
como esta usted how are you (adult)
Estoy bien I am good
Estoy mal I am bad
muy bien very well
Gracias y usted thanks and you ( Adult)
Gracias y tu thanks and you (friend)
Mucho gusto nice to meet you
Adios goodbye
Hasta luego See you later
Hasta manana See you tomorrow
Hasta Pronto See you soon
Senorita Miss
Senor Mr
Senora Mrs
Lo siento Sorry
Por Favor Please
Gracias Thank you
Buena Surte Good luck
Perdon Excuse me
De Nada Your welcome

7th English vocabulary words

Term Definition
Clarify , v make clear
context n. surrounding text or information
reveal v. make known
significance n. meaning, important
verify prove to be true
narrative writeing any type of writing that tells a story
narration story told in cronological order
ignored paid no attention to
resumed began again continued
quest a long search for somthing
adequate enough
deceive make someone believe something that is not true
transformation change
ignorant not knowing facts or information
first -person point of view the narrator is participating in the story
third person point of view the narrator is not a character in the story
strategy set of plans used to gain sucess or achive an aim
compelled forced
improvising makeing up or inventing on spur of the moment
twine strong string or cord twisted together
aquainted familiar
fiction tells about an imaginary story
nonfiction a story that is real
reassuring the effect of restoring confidence
contraption device or machine regarded as strange
formidable impressive
epidemic out break of a contagious disease
flushed drove from hiding
evidently clearly; obvisouly
previous occurring before in time or order
recall to call back; remember
authors purpose to use the background information to determine the authors pourpuse
background a persons experience or knowledge
establish determine or to make sure of
prior coming before in time or earlier
setting is the time and place of the action
slackening easing; becoming less active
vital extremely important or necessary
tumultuously noisy or violent
resilient spring back into shape
refugee a person who flees home or country to seek shelter from a war or cruelty
porridge soft food made from cereal boiled in water or milk
permanent lasting for all time
vowed promised solemnly
historical context the actual political and social events and trends of the time can explain why characters act and think the way the way they do
diplomats government representatives who work with other nations
summoned called together
intrigue curic
characters the people or animals who take place in a story's action
character's motivatin the reason or reasons that explain why characters act as they do
characterization the way a writer reveals a character's personality and qualities
direct characterization when the writer describes the character
indirect characterization when the writer reveals the character through speech and actions
theme the central message expressed in a story
exposition introduction to the setting
rising action introduces the conflict or problem
climax is the turning point of the story
falling action the part of a story when the conflict lessens
resolution is the story's conclusion
literary devices the tools writers use to enhance their writing
foreshadowing the use of clues early in a story to hint at events that are going to occur later
flash back the placement of a scene with in the story that interrupts the sequence of event to reveal past occurrences
irony the general name given to literary techniques that involve surprising, interesting, or amusing contradictions
dialect the form of a language spoken by people in a particular region or group
prediction is an informed idea about what will happen based on details in the text and on your own experience
predict to say what is going to happen in the future
indicate to point something out or to point to something
verify to check weather or not something is true
anticipate to consider something before it hapens
plot the sequence of events in a story
root a word that is a part that determines an important part of the meaning of a word
timid showing shyness
initiation process by which one becomes a member of a group
neglected failed to take care of
revived came back from consciousness
immenesly a great deal
consolation something that comforts a disappointed person